The battle severing the unpredictability is a reminder of the tragic consequences that had already taken place in Aleppo, Gaza, Rakhine province, and so on.
‘From the point of International Law, both Nagorno-Karabakh and all the region adjacent to it were and are an integral part of the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan.’ stated by president Putin on the Russian channel Rossiya 1. But is it wise to recognize the mountainous region inseparable from Azerbaijan by force and deploy peacekeeping forces there?
The recent clash between Azerbaijan & Armenia got to the extent of flooding refugee in their border. Peoples of the Nagorno-Karabakh region are now living an uncertain life, and many of them are displaced. BBC confirmed that over 5000 soldiers and at least 143 civilians are killed during the conflict.
The world witnessed Armenian claim over the Nagorno-Karabakh region since the collapse of the Soviet Union. When the Soviet supremacy began to fall, the regional parliament wanted to be the part of Armenia by casting a vote officially. But the Soviet government transferred the control of the Armenian-majority Caucasus range to Azerbaijan. That was the dawn of a conflict left thousands of people died, and it ended with a ceasefire in 1994. The separatists were still governing the Nagorno-Karabakh and receiving the support of the Armenian government. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk Group chaired by France, Russia and USA, mediated the peace talks between two countries. However, the battle has not seen the finish line, and two states are not tired enough to spare the claim over the Caucasus region. The consequences born from the conflict did not bring any good news for the residents of this region. The battle severing the unpredictability is a reminder of the tragic consequences that had already taken place in Aleppo, Gaza, Rakhine province, and so on.
Two powerful neighbors Turkey and Russia are backing Azerbaijan and Armenia, respectively. As Azerbaijan is close to the border, they also have the support of Russia and Putin declared that the region belongs to the Azerbaijani government. Russia agreed to deploy peacekeeping forces for their preservation of peace and rehabilitated the displaced people.
To the contrary, this is not a permanent solution. The power holders should turn their ear to the general people and learn about their demands and desires.
The international body could arrange a referendum for the people of Caucasus and figure out what they actually want. The decision comes from the majority needs to implement by the members of the organization. They could prepare a deal base on the result and negotiate between states following the conditions generated by them. It is universally proved that the population hold the actual power and the leader is only a reflection of their choice. The satisfaction of people will bring peace in that territory and the rush of refugee decline quickly. But the question is, Do the superpowers let referendum take place and what about the Azerbaijanis who live there. As we have seen that the US is no longer playing the most substantial role since Arab spring in 2011 and here, Russia, Germany & France are the key role players with the power to solve the issues tactfully. Only this trio could stay positive to solve the problem properly utilizing the OSCE Minsk group.